MariaDB is an open-source database management system, commonly installed as part of the popular LEMP (Linux, Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Python/Perl) stack. It uses a relational database and SQL (Structured Query Language) to manage its data. MariaDB is a fork of MySQL managed by the original MySQL developers. It’s designed as a replacement for MySQL, uses some commands that reference mysql, and is the default package on CentOS 7.
In this tutorial, we will explain how to install the latest version of MariaDB on a CentOS 7 server. If you specifically need MySQL, see the How to Install MySQL on CentOS 7 guide. If you’re wondering about MySQL vs. MariaDB, MariaDB is the preferred package and should work seamlessly in place of MySQL.
To follow this tutorial, you will need:
A CentOS 7 with a non-root user with sudo privileges. You can learn more about how to set up a user with these privileges in the Initial Server Setup with CentOS 7 guide.
Step 1 — Installing MariaDB
We’ll use Yum to install the MariaDB package, pressing y when prompted to confirm that we wish to proceed:
sudo yum install mariadb-server
Once the installation is complete, we’ll start the daemon with the following command:
sudo systemctl start mariadb
systemctl doesn’t display the outcome of all service management commands, so to be sure we succeeded, we’ll use the following command:
sudo systemctl status mariadb
If MariaDB has successfully started, the output should contain “Active: active (running)` and the final line should look something like:
Dec 01 19:06:20 centos-512mb-sfo2-01 systemd: Started MariaDB database server.
Next, let’s take a moment to ensure that MariaDB starts at boot, using the systemctl enable command, which will create the necessary symlinks.
sudo systemctl enable mariadb
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mariadb.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service.
Next, we’ll turn our attention to securing our installation.
Step 2 — Securing the MariaDB Server
MariaDB includes a security script to change some of the less secure default options for things like remote root logins and sample users. Use this command to run the security script:
The script provides a detailed explanation for every step. The first prompts asks for the root password, which hasn’t been set so we’ll press ENTER as it recommends. Next, we’ll be prompted to set that root password, which we’ll do.
Then, we’ll accept all the security suggestions by pressing Y and then ENTER for the remaining prompts, which will remove anonymous users, disallow remote root login, remove the test database, and reload the privilege tables.
Finally, now that we’ve secured the installation, we’ll verify it’s working.
Step 3 — Testing the Installation
We can verify our installation and get information about it by connecting with the mysqladmin tool, a client that lets you run administrative commands. Use the following command to connect to MariaDB as root (-u root), prompt for a password (-p), and return the version.
mysqladmin -u root -p version
You should see output similar to this:
mysqladmin Ver 9.0 Distrib 5.5.50-MariaDB, for Linux on x86_64
Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.
Server version 5.5.50-MariaDB
Protocol version 10
Connection Localhost via UNIX socket
UNIX socket /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
Uptime: 4 min 4 sec
Threads: 1 Questions: 42 Slow queries: 0 Opens: 1 Flush tables: 2 Open tables: 27 Queries per second avg: 0.172
This indicates the installation has been successful.
In this tutorial, we’ve installed and secured MariaDB on a CentOS 7 server. To learn more about using MariaDB, this guide to learning more about MySQL commands can help. You might also consider implementing some additional security measures.